Period 3: 1754-1800 British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced a new American republic, along with struggles over the new nation’s social, political, and economic identity.
Great Lecture on Paine's "Common Sense" (Start at 21:55)
Three Terms you need to know: 1. Republicanism – the idea of a country and society where citizens govern themselves by subordinating their own selfish desires and looking out for the common good of the whole society; citizens must be virtuous, selfless, independent, courageous and involved
2. Whig ideology – Whigs were a group of British political critics who believed that citizens must be vigilant and suspicious of government’s corruption, aggression and attempts to take away their civil rights
3. Mercantilism – the economic theory that wealth is power and there is a limited amount of wealth in the world; a country’s goal, then, is to acquire as much wealth as possible and thus leave little to its competitors; countries can do this by exporting (thereby bringing in money/wealth) more than they import (thereby paying money for goods); colonies help in mercantilism because they provide products without importing them from other countries and they provide a market for exports